Recent Articles

Can biofortification reduce iron deficiency in developing countries?


More than two billion people are micronutrient deficient worldwide. With iron deficiency being a key contributor to micronutrient deficiency worldwide, a global effort is needed to reduce the prevalence of iron deficiency. The following is a summary of research that examined the problem of iron deficiency and how effective the new approach of biofortification could be in tackling it in developing countries. Evidence shows that the technology has the potential to deliver the scientific requirements. However, the challenge will be in implementation in developing countries due to political and agricultural challenges. Despite this, biofortification could make a significant impact on the effort to reduce iron deficiency worldwide; complementing current supplementation and fortification efforts used to treat it.

The Method of Optogenetics and its Applications


Optogenetics is a new, emerging technology that enables light to be used to control proteins in living organisms, such as in the firing of neurons. It continues to rise in popularity, since it allows precise control of specific events in biological systems, even as complex as freely moving mammals. Optogenetics uses light and genetically modified proteins to control certain processes in living organisms. In mono-neuronal behavious, millisecond precision is necessary: the effects of neuronic depolarisation vary greatly with the time of depolarisation. This is difficult to achieve; traditional methods of modifying cellular metabolism, like drugs, have a timescale of hours to months. Optogenetics, which is harnesses the time-precision of light, is a significant recent breakthrough. It has been chosen as ‘Nature Methods’ Method of the Year’, in 2010 and was named ‘Scientific Breakthrough of the Decade’. The applications of the technology are many; it has the potential for medical applications, like easing Parkinsonian tremor, and the study of various phenomena, including learning and waking.

Photography Competition 2013

Published in Issue 14

Jack Campbell Spectralgesia

This year saw the second annual Young Scientists Journal Photography Competition. We invited students aged 18 and under to take photos using any camera, phone, or other device to compete for prizes according to their age group, related to a scientific theme. These included: the general theme of ‘Medicine in Culture’ open to anyone under […]

Interview with Cleodie Swire


Former Chief Editor, Cleodie Swire, shares with us some of her experiences while working on Young Scientists Journal. Cleodie is now studying Medicine at Clare College, Cambridge. We wish her all the best for her future.